Med. Weter. 76 (12), 694-699, 2020

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Use of accelerometer end gyroscope in biomechanical studies of horses
In recent years, along with the available techniques, the possibilities of measuring movement biomechanics have increased significantly. The monitoring of horses’ activity is useful for carers, trainers and riders, because it allows them to provide the horses with appropriate health care, as well as to select appropriate diet and exercise intensity. This was made possible by modern inertia measuring devices (IMUs), non-invasive electronic devices based on accelerometry and rotation analysis. The purpose of this study is to review biomechanical tests performed on horses by means of these devices. Measurements obtained with accelerometers and gyroscopes are used in the fields of veterinary research, behaviour analysis and training. The quantitative and qualitative monitoring of horses’ activity can play a key role in ensuring adequate living conditions and appropriate training loads. The first research using these techniques was carried out as early as the 1990s. Such research is currently used on a wide scale in biomechanical studies of horses, as well as in practice. Due to the growing interest in horse riding, it has become a valuable tool in training horses and in assessing their welfare.
Keywords: IMU, accelerometer, gyroscope, biomechanics, horse training