Med. Weter. 78 (12), 617-623, 2022

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Comparison of the strength parameters of the bilateral third metacarpal bones in horses by pQCT
The third metacarpal (MC3) bone, along with the proximal phalanx, is one of the bones that are most prone to injury in sport horses. To date, no detailed analysis has been conducted that would compare the strength parameters of bilateral MC3 bones taking into account differences depending on the site of measurement. The aim of the study was to compare strength parameters between the left and right MC3 bones in horses at 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70% and 80% of the bone length using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). The research material comprised isolated bilateral MC3 bones from 21 horses (age range: 3-27 years). The structure of these bones was measured using high-resolution pQCT. The following bone parameters were determined: polar strength strain index, strength strain index X and strength strain index Y. The computed tomographic analysis of the MC3 bones was carried out at sections from 10% to 80% (every 10%) of the bone length. The statistical analysis showed that in most cases the strength parameters calculated using pQCT were significantly higher for the right MC3 bones at 10%, 20% and 50% of the bone length, i.e. at the proximal metaphysis and at the proximal diaphysis. However, strength parameters measured at 60% and 80% of the diaphyseal length, i.e. at the distal diaphysis, were significantly higher for the left MC3 bones. Further studies of the MC3 bones parameters should focus on the vicinity of the proximal metaphysis and at the proximal diaphysis.
Keywords: horse, third metacarpal bone, bilateral bones, computed tomography