Med. Weter. 80 (3), 123-128, 2024

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MAGDALENA MORAWSKA-KOZŁOWSKA, YAUHENI ZHALNIAROVICH
Surgical management of traumatic stifle luxation in cats with using fabelotibial and fibulopatellar sutures
Cats’ ligaments in the stifle joint may become damaged because of several accident kinds. Effective treatment of this condition requires surgical intervention. The objective of this article is to outline the most precise diagnostic process, surgical treatment, as well as investigate the outcomes and potential complications in the surgical treatment of stifle disruption in cats without a temporary transarticular pin. Five cats of various breeds, ranging in age from 1 to 5 years, were used in the study. Each animal has both cruciate ligaments damaged. As a therapeutic therapy, two stabilizing sutures (fabellotibial and fibulopatellar) were applied to the cats. At one, three, five, seven-, and nine-weeks following surgery, each patient underwent control and clinical gait evaluation. A phone call with the owners was conducted 4 months following the surgery to gauge their satisfaction with treatment results and find out whether the cat had fully recovered. After treatment, all patients regained their mobility. No one cat had major complications and required reoperation. Few patients were exposed to minor complications, including swelling, bacteril infection and rupture of sutures. Each owner was satisfied with the results of the therapy and their animal’s recovery. To preserve the entire functionality of the limb, the lateral fabellotibial and fibulopatellar suture technique can be effective in young animals. If the cruciate ligaments are the primary area of damage, the suture technique may be helpful.
Key words: polytrauma, knee luxation, cranial cruciate rupture, fabellotibial suture, fibolopatellar suture