Medycyna Wet. 62 (7), 769-772, 2006
Mačiulskis P., Lukauskas K., Sederevičius A., Kiudulas V., Pockevičius A.
Epidemiology of enzootic rabies in Lithuania
A descriptive epidemiology and time series data analysis was used for the investigation of the development of the epidemiological situation related to enzootic rabies in Lithuania during the period of 1994-2004. A significant correlation between sample submissions and recorded rabies cases were detected (P<0.05). Since 1998, cases of wildlife rabies have been prevalent in all regions of Lithuania. Foxes and raccoon dogs were the main resource of this disease. Two seasonal peaks of wild animal rabies in spring and autumn were observed. Domestic animal rabies had only one seasonal peak in autumn. On the average, the prevalence of rabies increased from 23.5% in 1994 to 35.4% in 2004 in foxes and from 11.8% in 1994 to 28.9% in 2004 in raccoon dogs. The prevalence of rabies in cattle decreased from 25% in 1994 to 11.8% in 2004, in dogs from 19.1% in 1994 to 7.2% in 2004 and in cats from 17.6% in 1994 to 6.3% in 2004. 90.7% of all diagnosed rabies cases were diagnosed in foxes, raccoon dogs, cattle, dogs and cats. In 2004 the prevalence of rabies tended to decrease significantly in wild and domestic animals. A significant correlation was discovered between the prevalence of fox and raccoon dog rabies and the prevalence of wild animal rabies and dog rabies (P<0.05).
Keywords: rabies, Lithuania