Medycyna Wet. 63 (6), 700-702, 2007
Siemionek J., Szweda W., Radkowski M.
Epizootic situation of rabies in warmiñsko-mazurskie voivodeship in the years 2001-2005
The paper describes the epizootic situation of rabies in the Warmiñsko-Mazurskie voivodeship between 2001-2005. The vaccination of wild animals has been conducted in the voivodeship since May 2001. In the year 2001, 387 cases of rabies, including 93 (20%) in domestic animals and 294 (80%) in wild animals, were recorded respectively. Among domestic animals the highest incidence of the disease was found in cattle – 53 cases (14%), in cats – 24 cases (6%) and in dogs – 16 cases (4%). Among wild animals, rabies was found in 184 foxes (47%), 85 racoon dogs (22%), 8 martens (2%), 7 badgers (2%), and 6 polecats (2%). In the year 2005, 78 cases of rabies, including 29 (37%) in domestic animals and 49 (63%) in wild animals, were recorded respectively. Regarding domestic animals, the incidence of the disease was found in cattle – 23 cases (29%), cats – 3 cases (4%) and dogs – 2 cases (3%). Among wild animals, rabies was found in 39 foxes (50%), 8 raccoon dogs (10%) and 2 bats (3%). This suggests that after 5 years of oral vaccination the main reservoir of the rabies virus in the Warmiñsko-Mazurskie voivodeship is still in wild animals, primarily foxes. Observations to date indicate that there remains a necessity to continue the wild animal immunization campaign.
Keywords: rabies, Poland wild animals