Medycyna Wet. 66 (8), 538-543, 2010
Paprocka G., Fitzner A.
Selected diseases included in the differential diagnosis of foot-and-mouth disease
A number of diseases have similar or identical clinical symptoms as does foot-and-mouth disease, including swine vesicular disease (SVD), vesicular stomatitis (VS), rinderpest (RP) and peste des petits ruminants (PPR). SVD is an acute, highly contagious viral disease of pigs caused by a virus belonging to the genus Enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae. VS is a vesicular disease of horses, cattle and pigs caused by vesiculoviruses of the family Rhabdoviridae. RP and PPR are acute viral diseases caused by the Morbillivirus genus within the family Paramyxoviridae. Classic descriptions of RP refer to it as a highly fatal disease of domestic cattle, buffaloes and yaks. PPR affects sheep and goats and occasionally small wild ruminants. Laboratory investigations are a key to their precise diagnosis. The most important data regarding these diseases are presented in this article.
Keywords: foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), swine vesicular disease (SVD), rinderpest (RP), peste des petits ruminants (PPR)