Med. Weter. 70 (4), 242-247, 2014

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Szczepaniak K., Tomczuk K., Buczek K., Komsta R., Łojszczyk-Szczepaniak A., Staniec M., Winiarczyk S.
First clinical case report of canine angiostrongylosis directly diagnosed in Poland
Angiostrongylosis is a parasitosis of the cardio-pulmonary system of dogs and other canidae, such as foxes, caused by nematodes Angiostrongylus vasorum. The parasite is found in Europe, North and South America and Africa. Its distribution has been characterized by isolated endemic foci, with only sporadic occurrences outside the above areas, but in recent years the geographic range of Angiostrongylus vasorum has been expanding, leading to increased disease cases in dogs in new areas. The epidemiology of the parasite in eastern European countries is poorly known. So far little is known about its presence in Poland. Seroprevalence of angiostrongylosis in dogs from different parts of Poland in 2012 was 0.51%. This article is the first report describing a clinical case of canine angiostrongylosis directly diagnosed in Poland. The authors present a clinical case of infestation with Angiostrongylus vasorum in a 1.5-year-old female dog of the Dalmatian breed. Different clinical symptoms including coughing, emesis with blood, and occasional bleeding from the nostrils were observed. Its diagnosis was based on radiological and endoscopic examinations. Morphological and biochemical examinations of the blood were also performed. A definite diagnosis was made by parasitological investigation of stool samples. Treatment was successful, and all alarming symptoms subsided.
Key words: Angiostrongylus vasorum, canine pulmonary angiostrongylosis, dog, Poland