Med. Weter. 71 (12), 748-757, 2015

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Bzducha-Wróbel A., Gniewosz M., Chlebowska-Śmigiel A.
In vitro and in vivo mycotoxin binding through the bacteria of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species
The work presents an analysis of the data from the literature related to the ability of mycotoxin binding by probiotic and potentially probiotic bacteria. The process of mould toxin adsorption is documented mostly for the bacteria of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium genus. The bacterial cell wall components play a crucial role in this process. Attention was paid on the factors that influence the efficiency of mycotoxin adsorption to bacterial cells. Along with the differences in the bacterial cell wall building and structure, also the kind and number of the microorganisms' cells used for adsorption, the pH, temperature, as well as the preliminary preparation of the biomass were discussed. The results of in vivo mycotoxin binding by Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium were presented, which confirm the ability of mentioned bacteria to adsorb toxins also in the conditions of animals’ alimentary track.
Key words: probiotics, micotoxins binding, cell wall components