Med. Weter. 72 (7), 413-417, 2016

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Maslii Iryna Grigorieva, Svitlana Grigorieva Мatkowska, Jerzy Paleolog
Brief overview of the apian virus taxonomy
The aim of this study was to analyze the information on the taxonomy of bee viruses in order to help the reader to navigate throughout this topic. Classification of bee viruses is a changing system. The best known bee viruses belong to the Dicistroviridae and Iflaviridae (Picornavirales; ssRNA +) families. Taxa from the Baculoviridae, Iridoviridae and Poxviridae families should be also considered as potential honeybee pathogens. English re-searchers have informed about 18 “important bee viruses.” 21 different apian virus taxa were blamed, among others, for honeybee losses in US apiaries, including 10 virus taxa considered as the most pathogenic. One of the most comprehensive descriptions of the known bee virus taxa has been provided in the materials of the Europe-an COLOSS project. Detailed data from all the above sources were shown in this review. We also analyzed the possibilities of the appearance of some honeybee-parasite viruses, as well as other insect viruses and plant virus-es in honeybees. A separate table provides information about the additional publications on the most important taxa of the apian viruses. The crucial role of V. destructor infestation for increased risk of viral infections and, therefore, the urgent need of research on apian virology and on ways of increasing of the honeybee immuni-ty/resistance has been indicated.
Key words: viruses, bees, Apis mellifera, taxonomy