Med. Weter. 80 (3), 111-115, 2024

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Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) an increasing threat for consumer’s health in Europe
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a main cause of enterically transmitted viral hepatitis in humans. Nowadays HEV infections are reported not only in the developing world, but also in developed countries, in which the number of a new cases increases every year. In Europe genotypes HEV3 and HEV4 are mainly responsible for human hepatitis. These genotypes are considered zoonotic agents associated mainly with pigs and wild boars. The consumption of raw or undercooked pig’s or wild boar’s meat products, especially containing blood and/or liver is the basic reason of human HEV infections in developed countries. The aim of this review is to present current epidemiological data on zoonotic HEV human infections in Europe with particular emphasis on the role of food in the virus transmission.
Keywords: HEV, food, Europe