Med. Weter. 73 (10), 632-636, 2017

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Anna Golke, Joanna Cymerys, Anna Tucholska, Anna Chmielewska, Anna Słońska, Marcin Chodkowski, Izabela Serafińska, Joanna Brzezicka, Marcin W. Bańbura
Acyclovir and trichostatin A modulate EHV-1 replication in murine neurons in vitro
Equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) is a major viral pathogen of horses, causing respiratory disease, abortions, and equine herpes myeloencephalopathy (EHM). Like other alphaherpesviruses, EHV-1 establishes latency in neurons, but mechanisms involved in this process are still elusive. In the present study, we used antiviral drug acyclovir (ACV) to completely suppress EHV-1 replication in primary murine neuron culture. Trichostatin A (TSA), a known chemical reactivator of other herpesviruses, was used to stimulate productive EHV-1 infection. Moreover, gene expression of some cytokines was simultaneously evaluated, in order to check, whether the maintenance conditions of such a model may influence host cell response. Changes observed in IFN-α, IFN-β, and IL-10 mRNA gene expression depended on the EHV-1 strain. Although infection with either of the two EHV-1 strains investigated led to in an increase in type I IFNs gene expression, only the neuropathogenic strain caused a decrease in anti-inflammatory IL-10 gene expression. Unlike EHV-1 infection, the addition of neither ACV nor TSA caused significant changes in the expression of the above genes.. We may therefore conclude that the in vitro model presented in the study is suitable for detailed investigation of the host cell-virus relationship on the molecular level.
Key words: neurons, EHV-1, acyclovir, trichostatin A, replication cycle